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Biostatistician : Analysis of Recurrent Events in Chronic Diseases (internship)

Stage(5 à 6 mois)
Paris
Salaire : Non spécifié
Début : 29 février 2024
Télétravail non autorisé
Expérience : < 6 mois
Éducation : Bac +5 / Master

Quinten
Quinten

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Le poste

Descriptif du poste

Context 

In chronic diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, chronic heart failure, asthma, etc., time-to-first event methods are generally clinically less meaningful as clinical events occurring after the first event are neglected [1].

Recurrent event methods have therefore been proposed to better capture patients’ disease burden and to benefit from a gain in information, as compared to conventional time-to-first methods. Those methods are being classified as either conditional, e.g., Andersen-Gill method, or marginal, e.g. Wei-Lin-Weissfeld method [2-4]. In such chronic conditions, the rate of terminal events, such as death, is generally very low, e.g., in multiple sclerosis. However, this rate is non-negligible in specific settings, such as chronic heart failure, hence ignoring them would lead to biased results [5-6].

The purpose of this internship will therefore be to review existing methods in the analysis of recurrent events without and with the presence of terminal events. Then, compare them appropriately in a simulation study under various specific scenarios reflecting real disease conditions and potentially apply them to an existing RWD, to be able to provide associated interpretations and make internal recommendations regarding all considered approaches. 

Objectives 

The master’s student is expected to: 

  1. Conduct an up-to-date methodological literature review to identify weaknesses and strengths of recurrent event methods; 

  2. Upon literature review conclusions, identify potential gaps/scenarios and if appropriate run a simulation study to evaluate strengths and weaknesses of comparable recurrent event methods according to specific disease conditions (at least in multiple sclerosis and if possible, in chronic heart failure); 

  3. Apply identified methods of interest to RWD; 

  4. Write a manuscript with the aim to be submitted in an international peer-reviewed journal. 

References 

  1. Amorim LDAF, Cai J. Modelling recurrent events: a tutorial for analysis in epidemiology. Int J Epidemiol. 2015;44(1):324-333. doi:10.1093/ije/dyu222 

  2. Andersen PK, Gill RD. Cox’s regression model for counting processes: A large sample study. Ann Stat. 1982;10(4):1100-1120. doi:10.1214/aos/1176345976 

  3. Wei LJ, Lin DY, Weissfeld L. Regression analysis of multivariate incomplete failure time data by modeling marginal distributions. J Am Stat Assoc. 1989;84(408):1065. doi:10.2307/2290084 

  4. Būhler A. Comparison of time-to-first-event and recurrent event methods in multiple sclerosis trials. arXiv [statAP]. Published online 2021. http://arxiv.org/abs/2111.01937 

  5. European Medicines Agency. Qualification opinion of clinically interpretable treatment effect measures based on recurrent event endpoints that allow for efficient statistical analyses, https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/other/qualification-opinion-clinically-interpretable-treatment-effect-measures-based-recurrent-event_en.pdf 

  6. Ozga AK, Kieser M, Rauch G. A systematic comparison of recurrent event models for application to composite endpoints. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018;18(1):2. doi:10.1186/s12874-017-0462-x


Profil recherché

  • Strong knowledge of biostatistics (Master program, engineering school in statistics or equivalent) 

  • Excellent working knowledge in R statistical programming, Python is a plus 

  • Interest in medical research 

  • Fluency in written and oral scientific English


Déroulement des entretiens

  1. One meeting with HR

  2. Technical use case

  3. Meeting with Quinten Healthcare Manager

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